A super “Blood Moon” captured the attention of viewers across the world on Wednesday.
While on Tuesday it appeared as a glittering full moon – the closest to Earth sky-gazers can witness – the next morning the moon appeared tinged with a reddish glow.
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According to NASA, the Blood Moon occurs during a total lunar eclipse when the Earth aligns itself between the moon and the sun.
“When this happens, the only light that reaches the moon’s surface is from the edges of the Earth’s atmosphere. The air molecules from Earth’s atmosphere scatter out most of the blue light. The remaining light reflects onto the moon’s surface with a red glow, making the moon appear red in the night sky,” the agency explained on its website.
Notably, this Blood Moon is a combination of May’s full Flower Moon – which is classified as a supermoon – and a total lunar eclipse.
In a Monday blog post, NASA’s Gordon Johnston said that explained that while East Coast viewers would only witness the “barely-detectable start of the eclipse as the moon sets,” Americans lucky enough to have both clear skies and a clear view of the horizon would be able to really understand their place in the alignment.
“You can see the sunrise, then turn 180 degrees to see the curved shadow of the round Earth starting to fall across the edge of the moon as the moon sets,” he instructed.
The supermoon would pass through the full shadow of the Earth – also known as the umbra – at approximately 5:45 a.m. ET.
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The totality of the Blood Moon lunar eclipse would last for around 14 minutes and 30 seconds and the moon.
Following the eclipse, the event repeats in reverse as the moon moves out of Earth’s shadow.
According to Johnston, the next full moon would appear opposite the sun in Earth-based longitude at 7:14 a.m. ET.
The moon is expected to appear full through Thursday morning.
Forbes explained that the name Flower Moon indicates that just nine hours before becoming fully illuminated, the moon will reach its closest point to the Earth – or perigee – for the year.
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The Flower Moon is named after the abundance of flowers that emerges in late spring.
The next supermoon – the super “Strawberry Moon” will be visible on the East Coast on June 24 and there are three more eclipses scheduled to take place before 2022.
However, the next total lunar eclipse won’t happen over North America until May 2022.